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Best Programming language in 2022

A programming language is a method of communication that people use to tell computers how to execute specific jobs. These languages produce programmes that do certain tasks using a specific coding syntax. There are lots of programming language and students are often confused among various programming languages. here we have curated list of Best programming language and their carrier prospective also.

1)  Python 

Python is one of the most popular programming languages. Around 80% of developers Use Python as their main programming language. It would be the best programming language to learn first because it is very approachable. The extensive availability of libraries in python makes lengthy and big code small and readable. It is fast, easy-to-use & an easy-to-deploy programming language that is widely used to develop scalable web applications.

 Pros

  • Most Lucrative language
  • Easy to learn and use, fast to code 
  • Extensive libraries & frameworks
  •  Support Various applications, platforms & systems
  •  Classes & Object are easy to use due to OOPS
  •  Ideal for building prototypes, opensource & testing out ideas faster

Cons

  • Slow because of interpreted programming language
  • the problem in Threading is due to the average GL(Collobal interpreter lock)
  •  Not ideal for mobile computing
  • The database access layer is immature

Career prospects - High volume of job openings because a lot of startups use python as their primary backend stack. If you see your career in data science or AI & ML industry, you certainly have to learn python. It can be used in various other fields as well like  Web development, Game Development, Data visualization, etc.


2)  JAVA  

 Java is a popular language in organizations and has remained so far. It is widely used in making large scale web applications known to be extremely stable, it is also used for software development role, java is widely used for android development, Java will be a great language that should be learned.

 Pros

  • Supports multithreading
  • A large number of open-source libraries
  • OOP paradigm
  • automatic memory allocation and garbage collection
  • stack allocation system
  • JVM feature
  • Offers API

 Cons

  • Expensive memory management
  • Slower than natively compiled programming languages like C/C++
  • Limits in creating the quality data structure

   Career prospects - Excellent, as much large companies use it.


3)  C/C++ 

C and C++ have a significant number of developers. Almost all low-level systems, like operating systems, file systems, etc, are written in C/C++. It is a system-level program.

                C++ is used in competitive programming only reason behind this i.e, it's extremely fast and stable. It has an STL-standard template library. it is ready to use the library for various data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms. The library support and speed of the language make it a popular choice in the high-frequency trading community as well.

 Pros 

  • Numbers of  function library
  • Faster execution of programs
  • basis for understanding more complex programming languages
  • Language of choice for multi-device
  • variety of application domains, such as games, GUI applications
  • Support exception handling and function overloading   

       Cons         

  • Complex syntax
  • Less efficient object-oriented system compared to other OOP-based programming languages
  • No garbage collection or dynamic memory allocation
  • No run-time checking
  • Plagued by the issues of buffer overflow and memory corruption

   Career prospects - Good, although it is not the most common job opening.


4)   C#  

C# is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft. It is  used in backend programming, building games (using Unity) , Windows mobile phone apps, and lots of other use cases. If you want to build desktop applications, then you should learn it.

Pros

  • New and safe pointer
  • Automatic scalable and updateable
  • Component-oriented, object-oriented programming language
  • Similar to c programming language 
  • Integrated with .NET library 
  • Ideal for windows development
  • Quick compilation and execution times

Cons 

  • Variables are reference
  • Memory deallocation is implicit using a garbage collector
  • Less flexibility
  • Requires some effort and time to learn
  • Resolving errors requires serious expertise and knowledge

Career prospects - Not as good as the others, as it isn’t in demand


5)   Swift 

Swift is a programming language that is used to develop iOS applications. iOS-based devices are becoming increasingly popular. 

                 The Apple iPhone has captured a significant share of the mobile market. if iOS development is your alley, then you should learn Swift.

 Pros       

  • Backed by Apple
  •  Automatic memory management
  • Easy to add new features
  • clean and readable code
  • Interoperable with Objective-C
  • integrate Server-side Swift with any technology
  • faster when used for both frontend and backend development

    Cons

  • Limited support and resources
  • used only for ios7 or later apps 
  • No support for a legacy project

Career prospects: Excellent, especially as the iOS app field grows.


6)   PHP 

PHP is one of the most popular backend programming languages. The market needs a large number of PHP developers. If you want to join a well-established organization as a backend developers do consider learning PHP programming.

     Pros

  • Powerful frameworks
  • huge community support and ecosystem
  • object-oriented and functional programming paradigms
  • First-class debugging with Xdebug
  • Lots of automation tools for testing and deploying applications
  • a good number of automation tools for deployment and testing

 Cons

  • Developing websites completely in PHP is slower
  • Lacks in terms of security
  • poor error handling

   Career prospects - Excellent, with a large number of opportunities available.


7)    R 

The R programming language is one of the most commonly used languages for data analysis and machine learning. It provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful machine learning algorithms & also uses them in statistical computing. If you want to work in analytics you should learn R.

Pros

  • Highly extensible
  • Powerful package ecosystem
  • Active, growing community
  • Comprehensive statistical analysis language

   Cons

  • Lacks security features
  • Poor memory management
  • No strict programming guidelines

     Career prospects - Excellent.


8)   Golang (or Go) 

Go is a programming language designed by Google. it provides multithreading, used in the startup of silicon valley.

                         If you wish to join a startup in core systems you may want to learn Golang

   Pros

  • statically-typed language makes it more secure
  • clean syntax
  • Ideal for building single-page applications
  • Smart documentation
  • very fast
  • compiled to machine code

  Cons

  • Implicit interfaces
  • No GUI library
  • Lacks versatility
  • bad library support

   Career prospects - A healthy amount of opportunities.


This Article was Contributed By Abhimanyu Verma